Lettie J (Escoe) Evans is my maternal 3rd great-grandmother who was born in 1862, in Georgia. Fun fact: She is a Muscogee Creek Indian who did not come to Indian Territory on the Trail Of Tears. Lettie, the daughter of Thomas and Mary Escoe, found herself in east Texas in 1870…Brenham, Washington County to be exact. According to the 1870 US Census, Lettie was a 12 year-old “mulatto” child living with her “white” father and “mulatto” mother (1). I already knew Lettie was of mixed blood, I just didn’t know what kind of blood. I was hoping Lettie might help me solve my conflict of the family’s unknown mixed ethnicity. I checked the 1880 US Census and found Lettie, now with the surname Evans, living in Burleson County, Texas (2). Lettie and her husband, Wiley, were boarding with a white couple named Thomas and Mary Evans. Lettie and Wiley were both identified as “mulatto”. Once again, this information did not shed light on anything I didn’t already know.

The 1900 Census indicated Lettie was living in Indian Territory as a widow (3). She was identified as “Indian”. This falls in line with her enrollment on tribal records so I didn’t really have anything groundbreaking. The supplemental information on Indians indicated her mother was “Creek”, her father was “White”, and she was 1/2 “Creek’. I had not looked at the 1910 US Census so I pulled it up expecting the same thing.

I located Lettie Evans living in Salina, Kansas with a few of her children (4). She was enumerated as “Indian” and the supplemental information showed her as “Creek”, her father as “White”, and her mother as “Creek”. An interesting part to the 1910 supplemental Indian information is the incorporation of “Negro” into the “Percentage of Indian and Other Blood”. To answer my question from the last post, I found nothing. Zilch. Zero. The records never could identify what “mulatto” meant.

Well, I went back to Mary and was poking around in the family tree, looking at records. I was just browsing and had never really looked at any of the other children of Thomas and Mary Escoe. I started looking at Lettie’s older brother, Charlie Jefferson Escoe. I found him in the 1910 US Census and started reading. Scrolled down to the Indian supplemental information. What the heck?!!!

Today’s musical accompaniment was provided by Witchcraft. Awesome band from Sweden.


(1) Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census. Subdivision Beat 1, Washington, Texas. [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. M593_1608. TJ Escoe. [accessed 6 July 2015].

(2) Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census, Precinct 2, Burleson, Texas [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. 1880 U.S. Census Index provided by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. T9_1293. Thomas Evans. [accessed 30 June 2015].

(3) Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census, Township 13, Creek Nation, Indian Territory. [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. T623_1241854. Lettie Evans. [accessed 6 July 2015].

(4) Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census. Salina Ward 3, Saline, Kansas. [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006. T624_455. Lettie Evans. [accessed 6 July 2015].


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